Monday, November 2, 2020

DAY OF THE DEAD Celebrated Throughout Mexico And Many Other Cultures


Compiled by Tony Franco
November 2nd, sees the celebration of the Day of the Dead festival. Mexico is best known for this festival, but it is also is celebrated elsewhere in Latin America.


It´s an interesting blend of different traditional indigenous beliefs, with a few catholic influences thrown in.

The day of the Dead, or “Dia de los Muertos” in Spanish is a celebration of the lives of the deceased. It is in fact a joyous celebration of one´s ancestors. Mexico´s Day of the Dead celebrations can be traced back to indigenous cultural traditions of the Maya, Aztec, Olmec, Mixtec, P’urhépecha, Zapotec and Totonac cultures.

Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de los Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico and around the world in many cultures. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for
and remember friends and family members who have died. It is particularly celebrated in Mexico, where it attains the quality of a National Holiday.



The celebration takes place on November 1–2, in connection with the Catholic holidays of All Saints' Day (November 1) and All Souls' Day (November 2). Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed and visiting graves with these as gifts. Most believe that the children´s souls come and visit their loved ones on November 1st, and on the 2nd the adults´souls visit their families and friends.

Scholars trace the origins of the modern Mexican holiday to indigenous observances dating back hundreds of years and to an Aztec festival dedicated to a goddess called Mictecacihuatl. The holiday has spread throughout the world: In Brazil, Dia de Finados is a public holiday that many Brazilians celebrate by visiting cemeteries and churches. In Spain, there are festivals and parades, and, at the end of the day, people gather at cemeteries and pray for their dead loved ones. Similar observances occur elsewhere in Europe, and similarly themed celebrations appear in many Asian and African cultures.


OBSERVANCE IN MEXICO
ORIGINS


The Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico can be traced back to the indigenous cultures. Rituals celebrating the deaths of ancestors have been observed by these civilizations perhaps for as long as 2,500–3,000 years. In the pre-Hispanic era, it was common to keep skulls as trophies and display them during the rituals to symbolize death and rebirth.

The festival that became the modern Day of the Dead fell in the ninth month of the Aztec calendar, about the beginning of August, and was celebrated for an entire month. The festivities were dedicated to the god known as the "Lady of the Dead", corresponding to the modern Catrina.

In most regions of Mexico, November 1 honors children and infants, whereas deceased adults are honored on November 2. This is indicated by generally referring to November 1 mainly as Día de los Inocentes ("Day of the Innocents") but also as Día de los Angelitos ("Day of the Little Angels") and November 2 as Día de los Muertos or Día de los Difuntos ("Day of the Dead").


Sculpture with skeletons made for Day of the Dead at the Museo de Arte Popular, Mexico City.


Catrinas, popular figures of the Day of the Dead.

BELIEFS

People go to cemeteries to be with the souls of the departed and build private altars containing the favorite foods and beverages as well as photos and memorabilia of the departed. The intent is to encourage visits by the souls, so that the souls will hear the prayers and the comments of the living directed to them. Celebrations can take a humorous tone, as celebrants remember funny events and anecdotes about the departed.

Plans for the day are made throughout the year, including gathering the goods to be offered to the dead. During the three-day period, families usually clean and decorate graves; most visit the cemeteries where their loved ones are buried and decorate their graves with ofrendas ("offerings"), which often include orange mexican marigolds (Tagetes erecta) called cempasúchitl(originally named cempoalxochitl, Nahuatl for "twenty flowers").

In modern Mexico, this name is sometimes replaced with the term Flor de Muerto ("Flower of the Dead"). These flowers are thought to attract souls of the dead to the offerings.

Toys are brought for dead children (los angelitos, or "the little angels"), and bottles of tequila, mezcal or pulque or jars of atole for adults. Families will also offer trinkets or the deceased's favorite candies on the grave. Ofrendas are also put in homes, usually with foods such as candied pumpkin, pan de muerto ("bread of the dead"), and sugar skulls and beverages such as atole. The ofrendas are left out in the homes as a welcoming gesture for the deceased. Some people believe the spirits of the dead eat the "spiritual essence" of the ofrendas food, so even though the celebrators eat the food after the festivities, they believe it lacks nutritional value. Pillows and blankets are left out so that the deceased can rest after their long journey. In some parts of Mexico, such as the towns of Mixquic, Pátzcuaro and Janitzio, people spend all night beside the graves of their relatives. In many places, people have picnics at the grave site as well.





Some families build altars or small shrines in their homes; these usually have the Christian cross, statues or pictures of the Blessed Virgin Mary, pictures of deceased relatives and other persons, scores of candles and an ofrenda. Traditionally, families spend some time around the altar, praying and telling anecdotes about the deceased. In some locations, celebrants wear shells on their clothing, so that when they dance, the noise will wake up the dead; some will also dress up as the deceased.

Public schools at all levels build altars with ofrendas, usually omitting the religious symbols. Government offices usually have at least a small altar, as this holiday is seen as important to the Mexican heritage.


Those with a distinctive talent for writing sometimes create short poems, called calaveras ("skulls"), mocking epitaphs of friends, describing interesting habits and attitudes or funny anecdotes. This custom originated in the 18th or 19th century, after a newspaper published a poem narrating a dream of a cemetery in the future, "and all of us were dead", proceeding to "read" the tombstones. Newspapers dedicate calaveras to public figures, with cartoons of skeletonsin the style of the famous calaveras of José Guadalupe Posada, a Mexican illustrator. Theatrical presentations of Don Juan Tenorio by José Zorrilla (1817–1893) are also traditional on this day.

A common symbol of the holiday is the skull (colloquially called calavera), which celebrants represent in masks, called calacas (colloquial term for "skeleton"), and foods such as sugar or chocolate skulls, which are inscribed with the name of the recipient on the forehead. Sugar skulls are gifts that can be given to both the living and the dead. Other holiday foods include pan de muerto, a sweet egg bread made in various shapes from plain rounds to skulls and rabbits, often decorated with white frosting to look like twisted bones.

José Guadalupe Posada created a famous print of a figure that he called La Calavera de la Catrina ("calavera of the female dandy") as a parody of a Mexican upper-class female. Posada's striking image of a costumed female with a skeleton face has become associated with the Day of the Dead, and Catrina figures often are a prominent part of modern Day of the Dead observances.


Gran calavera eléctrica ("Grand electric skull") by José Guadalupe Posada, 1900–1913.

The traditions and activities that take place in celebration of the Day of the Dead are not universal and often vary from town to town. For example, in the town of Pátzcuaro on the Lago de Pátzcuaro in Michoacán, the tradition is very different if the deceased is a child rather than an adult. On November 1 of the year after a child's death, the godparents set a table in the parents' home with sweets, fruits, pan de muerto, a cross, a rosary (used to ask the Virgin Mary to pray for them) and candles. This is meant to celebrate the child's life, in respect and appreciation for the parents.

There is also dancing with colorful costumes, often with skull-shaped masks and devil masks in the plaza or garden of the town. At midnight on November 2, the people light candles and ride winged boats called mariposas (Spanish for "butterflies") to Janitzio, an island in the middle of the lake where there is a cemetery, to honor and celebrate the lives of the dead there.


Families tidying and decorating graves at a cemetery in Almoloya del Río in the State of Mexico.

In contrast, the town of Ocotepec, north of Cuernavaca in the State of Morelos, opens its doors to visitors in exchange for veladoras (small wax candles) to show respect for the recently deceased. In return, the visitors receive tamales and atole. This is only done by the owners of the house where somebody in the household has died in the previous year. Many people of the surrounding areas arrive early to eat for free and enjoy the elaborate altars set up to receive the visitors from Mictlán.

In some parts of the country (especially the cities, where in recent years there are displaced other customs), children in costumes roam the streets, knocking on people's doors for a calaverita, a small gift of candies or money; they also ask passersby for it. This custom is similar to that of Halloween's trick-or-treating and is relatively recent.

Some people believe that possessing Day of the Dead items can bring good luck. Many people get tattoos or have dolls of the dead to carry with them. They also clean their houses and prepare the favorite dishes of their deceased loved ones to place upon their altar or ofrenda.



LATIN AMERICA

In Ecuador, the Day of the Dead is observed to some extent by all parts of society, though it is especially important to the indigenous Kichwa peoples who make up an estimated quarter of the population. Indigena families gather together in the community cemetery with offerings of food for a day-long remembrance of their ancestors and lost loved ones. Ceremonial foods include colada morada, a spiced fruit porridge that derives its deep purple color from the Andean blackberry and purple maize. This is typically consumed with guagua de pan, a bread shaped like a swaddled infant, though variations include many pigs—the latter being traditional to the city of Loja.

The bread, which is wheat flour-based today but was made with cornmeal in the pre-Columbian era, can be made savory with cheese inside or sweet with a filling of guava paste. These traditions have permeated into mainstream society as well, where food establishments add both colada morada and gaugua de pan to their menus for the season. Many non-indigenous Ecuadorians partake in visiting the graves of the deceased and preparing the traditional foods as well.

The Brazilian public holiday of Finados (Day of the Dead) is celebrated on November 2. Similar to other Day of the Dead celebrations, people go to cemeteries and churches with flowers, candles, and prayer. The celebration is intended to be positive to celebrate those who are deceased.

Guatemalan celebrations of the Day of the Dead are highlighted by the construction and flying of giant kites in addition to the traditional visits to grave sites of ancestors. A big event also is the consumption of fiambre, which is made only for this day during the year.




In Haiti, voodoo traditions mix with Roman Catholic observances as, for example, loud drums and music are played at all-night celebrations at cemeteries to wakenBaron Samedi, the Loa of the dead, and his mischievous family of offspring, the Gede.

Dia de los ñatitas ("Day of the Skulls") is a festival celebrated in La Paz, Bolivia, on November 9. In pre-Columbian times, indigenous Andeans had a tradition of sharing a day with the bones of their ancestors on the third year after burial; however, only the skulls are used today. Traditionally, the skull of one or more family members are kept at home to watch over the family and protect them during the year. On November 9, the family crowns the skull with fresh flowers, sometimes also dressing it up in various garments, and makes offerings of cigarettes, coca leaves, alcohol, and various other items in thanks for the year's protection. The skulls are also sometimes taken to the central cemetery in La Paz for a special Mass and blessing.


Day of the Dead altar in Atlanta in memory of Jennifer Ann Crecente,
murdered at the age of 18 by her ex-boyfriend.


An altar in Los Angelespays homage to "dead" TV shows,
with traditional marigolds, sugar skulls and candles

UNITED STATES

In many American communities with Mexican residents, Day of the Dead celebrations are held that are very similar to those held in Mexico. In some of these communities, such as in Texas and Arizona, the celebrations tend to be mostly traditional. For example, the All Souls Procession has been an annual Tucson event since 1990. The event combines elements of traditional Day of the Dead celebrations with those of pagan harvest festivals. People wearing masks carry signs honoring the dead and an urn in which people can place slips of paper with prayers on them to be burned.

In other communities, interactions between Mexican traditions and American culture are resulting in celebrations in which Mexican traditions are being extended to make artistic or sometimes political statements. For example, in Los Angeles, California, the Self Help Graphics & Art Mexican-American cultural center presents an annual Day of the Dead celebration that includes both traditional and political elements, such as altars to honor the victims of the Iraq War highlighting the high casualty
rate among Latino soldiers.

An updated, inter-cultural version of the Day of the Dead is also evolving at Hollywood Forever Cemetery. There, in a mixture of Mexican traditions and Hollywood hip, conventional altars are set up side-by-side with altars to Jayne Mansfield and Johnny Ramone. Colorful native dancers and music intermix with performance artists, while sly pranksters play on traditional themes.

Similar traditional and inter-cultural updating of Mexican celebrations is occurring in San Francisco, for example, through the Galería de la Raza, SomArts Cultural Center, Mission Cultural Center, de Young Museum and altars atGarfield Square by the Marigold Project. Oakland is home to Corazon Del Pueblo in the Fruitvale district. Corazon Del Pueblo has a shop offering handcrafted Mexican gifts and a museum devoted to Day of the Dead artifacts.

InMissoula, Montana, skeletal celebrants on stilts, novelty bicycles, and skis parade through town. It also occurs annually at historic Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston's Jamaica Plain neighborhood. Sponsored by Forest Hills Educational Trust and the folkloric performance group La Piñata, the Day of the Dead celebration celebrates the cycle of life and death. People bring offerings of flowers, photos, mementos, and food for their departed loved ones, which they place at an elaborately and colorfully decorated altar. A program of traditional music and dance also accompanies the community event.

EUROPE

In many countries with a Roman Catholic heritage, All Saints Day and All Souls Day have long been holidays in which people take the day off work, go to cemeteries with candles and flowers, and give presents to children, usually sweets and toys. In Portugal and Spain, ofrendas ("offerings") are made on this day. In Spain, the play Don Juan Tenorio is traditionally performed. In Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Ireland, people bring flowers to the graves of dead relatives and say prayers over the dead.

A Mexican-style Day of the Dead has been celebrated in Prague, Czech Republic, as part of a promotion by the Mexican embassy. Local citizens join in a celebration of the Day of the Dead put on by a theatre group with masks, candles, and sugar skulls.

The PHILIPPINES and OCEANIA

Flowers, including Mexican marigolds, used in the celebration of the Day of the Dead.

In the Philippines, the holiday is called Todos Los Santos (All Saints Day), Undas (from Spanish andas, or possibly honra), orAraw ng mga Patay ("Day of the Dead"), and has more of a family reunion atmosphere. The traditions were imported during the era of New Spain, when Mexico governed the Philippines. Tombs are cleaned or repainted, candles are lit, and flowers are offered. Entire families camp in cemeteries and sometimes spend a night or two near their relatives' tombs. Card games, eating, drinking, singing and dancing are common activities in the cemetery. It is considered a very important holiday by many Filipinos (after Christmas and Holy Week), and additional days are normally given as special non-working holidays (but only November 1 is a regular holiday).

Mexican-style Day of the Dead celebrations is celebrated in mayor cities in Australia, Fiji and Indonesia. Prominent celebrations are held in Wellington, New Zealand, complete with altars celebrating the deceased with flowers and gifts.
Similar traditions

Many other cultures around the world have similar traditions of a day set aside to visit the graves of deceased family members. Often included in these traditions are celebrations, food and beverages, in addition to prayers and remembrances of the departed.

In some cultures in Africa, visits to the graves of ancestors, the leaving of food and gifts, and the asking of protection serve as important parts of traditional rituals.
(Source Wikipedia)

Sunday, October 11, 2020

MVP LEBRON JAMES and The LAKERS Win Their 17TH Championship 106-93


The LAKERS won the NBA Finals and their 17th NBA Championship defeating the Miami Heat 106 to 93 on Sunday. 

The series ended 4-2 and LeBron James not only got his fourth championship with 3 different teams (Miami, Cleveland and Los Angeles), but also for the fourth time was elected MVP of a Finals Series. 

 After a season that was in doubt to be played due to the corona virus pandemic, the LAKERS after a decade, obtained another title, but this time without their fans present. In fact there will be no parade in Los Angeles, until after the threat of the pandemic has passed.

LAKERS WON THE 17TH NBA CHAMPIONSHIP TITLE

THE KING LEBRON JAMES GOT HIS 4TH MVP 

THE ROAD TO THE NBA CHAMPIONSHIP

The LAKERS of Los Angeles, California began last Wednesday night, September 30, the road to the title of the NBA by facing the HEAT of Miami

FIRST GAME SEPTEMBER 30 

The final score of the first game last week was 116-98 and left no doubt who was the better team in that game. I personally believe this final series will be 4-1 in favor of the LAKERS and will end in the fifth game, unless Lebron and company lose the rhythm and effectiveness demonstrated last Wednesday. (I failed on my prediction because the series ended 4-2)

SECOND GAME OCTOBER 2
Last Friday, October 2, the second game of the series of 7 to be played took place and the score again favored the LOS ANGELES team 124-114. Although the MIAMI players left everything on the court and fought with all their hearts, the pair of Lebron James and Anthony Davis was simply overwhelming 65 points scored between them in that game.

THIRD GAME OCTOBER 4

But this past weekend, the NBA Championship Series went 2-1 in favor of the LOS ANGELES LAKERS, as the HEAT on Sunday October 4, melted the Los Angeles offense winning their first game in the series 115-104.



FOURTH GAME OCTOBER 6 

The LAKERS victory this Tuesday night took another step towards the NBA Championship title. Anthony Davis sealed the LAKERS victory this time, with an extraordinary 3-point basket giving him a total of 22 on his personal account, and blocking a basket attempt by Butler, the best player for the HEAT, with less than a minute left to play.  

Lebron James and Anthony Davis both started missing shots and out of rhythm, but as the minutes went by they both started to play at the level we are used to see them play, especially on the second half. At the end, this very close game was decided in the last couple of minutes in favor of the LAKERS thanks to Davis great finishing performance. 

FIFTH GAME OCTOBER 9

MIAMI HEAT sent a message to The LAKERS´ Fans of Los Angeles this past Friday that read: "Put the champagne back in your refrigerator" as they beat the LAKERS by just 3 points 111-108.  

We saw another brilliant performance of both Butler who scored 35 points for Miami, and Lebron who scored 40 points unfortunately for a lost cause for the LAKERSJimmy Butler and Duncan along with the Miami Heat team showed that they are not giving up that easy. 

MIAMI HEAT VS. LOS ANGELES LAKERS STATISTICS

Before getting to the finals, the LAKERS eliminated the Denver NUGGETS, while Miami HEAT beat the Boston CELTICS

The NBA Finals´Show will include stars like LeBron James, Jimmy Butler, Anthony Davis and Bam Adebayo among others.The NBA Finals will gather enthusiasts living in 215 nations and territories in 48 languages. 

LeBron James was once again the protagonist of the Finals: these were the tenth finals of his career, so far with a negative record of 4-6. But the King shone throughout this season with the Lakers and, after his tremendous performance in the final game against the Denver Nuggets (38 points, 18 rebounds and 10 assists), he managed to reach other finals and obtain his fourth ring of Champion of the NBA. At his side he had another All-Star like Anthony Davis , valued as one of the five best players in the last regular season , who excelled in his first appearance in a Championship Finals.

In the history of basketball, only one team has won a championship final NBA after trailing the series 3-1 and that team was precisely the former team of Lebron James in 2016 the Cavaliers. The Cleveland team came back from that series curiously against another California team, the Golden State Warriors.

The Cavaliers won 3 games in a row to win that championship that represented the third ring for Lebrón and the fourth came this Sunday with the LAKERS who dedicated the victory to their beloved friend Kobe Bryant , who died this year, a few months after retiring, and who guided them in 2000, 2001, 2002 to the three-time NBA championships and then in 2009 and 2010 which was the last year the LAKERS had one before    todays' game. 

The first two rings Lebron had were precisely with this year finals´rival MIAMI HEAT in 2012 and 2013.


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Friday, October 9, 2020

DODGERS exploded and eliminated PADRES 12-3



THIS IS HOW DODGERS ELIMINATED THE PADRES:

SAN DIEGO and LOS ANGELES met in Game 3 this past Thursday, with a huge score in favor of the DODGERS 12-3. With this victory, Los Angeles team won the Divisional Series undefeated, accumulating 3 victories in a row. 

NOW the DODGERS will face the BRAVOS for the National Conference  title beginning this coming Monday. The BRAVOS also beat the MARLINS 7-0 to win their series undefeated.

The teams from SAN DIEGO and LOS ANGELES played the second game of the DIVISIONAL SERIES of the MLB WEST COAST  with a victory for the DODGERS over SAN DIEGO PADRES 6-5. 

It was a close game all the way until the last out. On the ninth, the PADRES filled the bases and with two outs, reliever Kelly, who had gotten into trouble that inning, finally got the 27th out, a ground ball to second to save the DODGERS´second victory in a row. 

In this game again SAN DIEGO started winning 1-0 with a run scored in the second inning, but the DODGERS scored 3 runs in the next inning, added one more in the 4th and remained on top during the rest of the game.  

Clayton Kershaw won his second game of the postseason despite allowing two straight home runs in the sixth inning. He was relieved when the game was 4-3 in favor of the Los Angeles team. Kelly was the last reliever tonight for the DODGERS. 


On the first game between these two teams, It wasn´t until the sixth inning that the DODGERS´ bats woke up. On the inning before the "Angelinos" had tied the game 1-1, taking advantage of a PADRES error on a wild throw to first base. 

On that explosive 6th inning, they added 4 more runs, after receiving 2 more bases on balls. By the 6th, the Padre´s had given a total of 11 free passports to first base! The last 3 of them, the DODGERS converted into runs. 

Actually the manager of the PADRES was thrown out of the game precisely for arguing and using obscene language towards the home plate umpire when protesting about the way he was calling balls and strikes. 



In the 2nd inning of that gameDODGERS starter Buehler had also walked 3 PADRES in a row! But with the bases loaded, San Diego couldn't take advantage of the gift, as its next two hitters struck out!

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Friday, September 18, 2020

EUSEBIO "THE BLACK PANTHER" one of THE 10 GREATEST SOCCER PLAYERS of the world

Eusebio da Silva Ferreira, known as Eusebio in the Latin soccer single-name fashion,  who past away a few years ago in Lisbon at the age of 71, is still considered one of the 10 best players in the world of soccer.

Soccer fans called him the Black Panther, he was without a doubt the  most captivating player of the 1966 World Cup.

Playing for Portugal, Eusebio was the center of gravity in that tournament. He personally gave Portugal a victory, after his team was loosing 3-0 to North Korea in the first 25 minutes, the North Koreans had previously already stunned Italy. However, Eusebio scored four goals, and Portugal won that match, 5-3.



Eusebio was born in Mozambique on Jan. 25, 1942, to an Angolan father, but he was able to play for Portugal because those countries were still considered colonies. The rumor grew that he had been kidnapped by Benfica, one of the greatest soccer teams from Portugal, until he signed a contract.

“These are all lies, pure and simple!” Eusebio said in a 2008 forum at fourfourtwo.com. “Some people aren’t honest, but me and my family are. My mother signed a contract with Benfica for 250 contos [around $1,700] and she insisted on a clause which read, ‘If my son does not adapt, the money is deposited in the bank in Mozambique and not one penny will be taken from it.’ I had return tickets when I arrived.”


Eusebio carried Portugal to a third-place finish at the World Cup in 1966, after seven failures to qualify. In 1998, a panel of 100 experts gathered by FIFA, soccer’s world governing body, named him one of the sport’s top-10 greats.

He was awarded the Ballon d’Or in 1965 as Europe’s player of the year and twice won the Golden Boot — in 1968 and ’73 — for being the top scorer in Europe.

When Eusebio died, Portugal declared three days of national mourning for the loss of one of his greatest players of all times, not only at home, but around the globe.

REST IN PEACE EUSEBIO...







DISCOVER THE GETTY VILLA

A recreation of an ancient Roman country house, the Getty Villa offers a taste of life in the first century A.D.

J. Paul Getty and His Villa

J. Paul Getty purchased his first work of ancient art in 1939: a small terracotta sculpture. His antiquities collection grew to include Greek, Roman, and Etruscan art, and in 1968 he announced he would build a major museum on his Malibu property. It would be a near replica of the Villa dei Papiri, a luxurious Roman residence in Herculaneum, Italy that had been buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D.

Re-imagining the Villa dei Papiri

The Villa dei Papiri (“Villa of the Papyruses”) was rediscovered in the 1750s. The excavation recovered bronze and marble sculptures, wall paintings, colorful stone pavements, and over a thousand papyrus scrolls—hence the name.



When planning for the construction of the Getty Villa in the 1970s, architects looked closely at the partial excavation of the Villa dei Papiri and at other ancient Roman houses in Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae to influence the design. The scale, appearance, and some of the materials of the Getty Villa are taken from the Villa dei Papiri, as is the floor plan, though it is a mirror of the original.

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK HERE



An aerial view of the Getty Villa that shows the overall architecture of the museum and gardens.
A bird's-eye view of the Getty Villa, showing the Outer 
Peristyle Garden at left extending from the museum.

Saturday, January 18, 2020

A TRIBUTE TO THE EAGLES ONE OF THE LAST CONCERTS WITH GLENN FREY


The Eagles are an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1971 by Glenn Frey (R.I.P.), Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, and Randy Meisner. With five number-one singles, six Grammy Awards, five American Music Awards, and six number one albums, the Eagles were one of the most successful musical acts of the 1970s. At the end of the 20th century, two of their albums, Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) and Hotel California, were ranked among the 20 best-selling albums in the United States according to the Recording Industry Association of America. Hotel California is ranked 37th in Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" and the band was ranked number 75 on the magazine's 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.

The Eagles are one of the world's best-selling bands of all time, having sold more than 150 million records[3]—100 million in the U.S. alone—including 42 million copies of Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) and 32 million copies of Hotel California. "Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975)" was the best selling album of the 20th century in the U.S.[4] They are the fifth-highest-selling music act and the highest-selling American band in U.S. history.




The Eagles released their self-titled debut album in 1972, which spawned three top 40 singles: "Take It Easy", "Witchy Woman", and "Peaceful Easy Feeling". Their next album, Desperado (1973), was less successful than the first, only reaching number 41 on the charts; neither of its singles reached the top 40. However, the album contained two of the band's most popular tracks: "Desperado" and "Tequila Sunrise". They released On the Border in 1974, adding guitarist Don Felder as its fifth member midway through the recording of the album. The album generated two top 40 singles: "Already Gone" and their first number one, "Best of My Love".


Their 1975 album One of These Nights included three top 10 singles: "One of These Nights", "Lyin' Eyes", and "Take It to the Limit", the first hitting the top of the charts. The Eagles continued that success and hit their commercial peak in late 1976 with the release of Hotel California, which would go on to sell more than 16 million copies in the U.S. alone and more than 32 million copies worldwide. The album yielded two number-one singles, "New Kid in Town" and "Hotel California". They released their last studio album for nearly 28 years in 1979 with The Long Run, which spawned three top 10 singles: "Heartache Tonight", "The Long Run", and "I Can't Tell You Why", the lead single being another chart-topping hit.

The Eagles disbanded in July 1980 but reunited in 1994 for the album Hell Freezes Over, a mix of live and new studio tracks. They have toured consistently since then and were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2007, the Eagles released Long Road Out of Eden, their first full studio album in 28 years and their sixth number one album. The next year they launched the Long Road Out of Eden Tour in support of the album. In 2013, they began the extended History of the Eagles Tour in conjunction with the band's documentary release, History of the Eagles.


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